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tv   BBC News  BBC News  August 3, 2018 3:00am-3:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is duncan golestani. our top stories: the big announcement zimbabwe's been waiting for. emmerson mnangagwa is declared the new president, but can he heal a divided nation? russia remains a threat to american democracy — the stark message from president trump's national security team. we continue to see a pervasive messaging campaign by russia to try and weaken and divide the united states. apple is valued at $1 trillion, making it worth more than many of the world's major economies. and they're celebrating now — but these lottery winners saw their ticket ripped up as they were about to claim a huge jackpot. hello, this is bbc news
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with duncan golestani. the president of zimbabwe, emmerson mnangagwa of the governing zanu—pf party, has been declared the victor in monday's presidential elections. mr mnangagwa won just under 51% of the vote, against 44% for nelson chamisa of the opposition movement for democratic change alliance, the mdc. they rejected the results and said it would be challenged in court. fergal keane sent this report from harare. after a wait in which the country was plunged into crisis, at last, the moment of decision. the votes received by mnangagwa emmerson of zanu—pf party are more than half the number of votes cast in the presidential election.
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therefore, mnangagwa emmerson of zanu—pf party is therefore duly declared elected president of the republic of zimbabwe, with effect from the 3rd august 2018. cheering the newly elected president is the man who overthrew robert mugabe last november. today we are witnessing the beginning of a new and unfolding democracy. his victory is the culmination of 50 years of activism and political manoeuvring. for the man named the crocodile — patient and ruthless. do those characteristics describe you? i am as soft as wool. i am a very soft person in life, my brother. but hours before tonight's announcement, the man he has defeated claimed that mr mnangagwa stole the election.
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people know who they voted for. people did definitely not vote for emmerson mnangagwa in this election and people know that. the victory declaration won't end the polarisation that has deepened so dramatically in the last days. this was the normally bustling centre of harare. soldiers who opened fire on crowds yesterday warned people to go home. this isn't the typically harare of a thursday afternoon, it is an apprehensive place. it is a city whose streets don't belong to the people today, but two men with batons and guns. we came across a stand—off with police at opposition headquarters. they had arrested several people. the face of a prisoner. but they wanted more who were still in the building. have the police entered the building? no, we stopped them from doing that.
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we stopped them from doing that. there is an army helicopter coming overhead. finally, a warrant and more arrests. the faces tell their own story about zimbabwe's politics today. it was a very different scene among zanu supporters, confidently expecting the victory of emmerson mnangagwa. it has been our liberation since 1980, we were born into zanu—pf and i am zanu—pf and i will support it until the end. the president has his victory and is backed by the might of the state, but he will rule a deeply divided nation. fergal keane, bbc news, harare. earlier i spoke with former ambassador michelle gavin, now a senior fellow for africa studies at the council on foreign relations. i began by asking if she was suprised by the results, the violence or the claims of election rigging? i am not surprised,
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but i am disappointed. you know, the people of zimbabwe deserve better than this. so tell me why you are not surprised. you have come back from a fact—finding mission from zimbabwe? that's right. i joined several colleagues in a mission to zimbabwe where we talked to the government, we talk to the opposition, civil society, religious leaders, business leaders, to really try and get an understanding of whether or not zimbabwe was ready to turn the page and move past an era of political violence and hold an election that the people, most importantly, would deem credible, free and fair and find a way to move the country forward. critically, with the economy, of course, is in a terrible state and unfortunately what we have seen is not the turning point that they were looking for. so what is it that you saw specifically that set alarm bells ringing?
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sure. there were a range of issues. with the electoral process itself, there were positive elements, certainly you saw more political space for people to express their views freely, for the opposition to hold rallies. but you also saw the continued bias of state media, which is for most zimbabweans, the only media that they see. there were worrisome signs in that after the coup, which was popularly supported, but was a coup, last november, there was a question that little of zimbabwe were asking. did the military really seize power only to hand it over again in an electoral process? most people thought the answer was no, and there was an unwillingness
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to make it plain that the military would accept the results of an election, regardless of the winner. there were still repressive laws on the books that easily could have been repealed, so all of these instruments of repression were still there. as the electoral process move onward, there was intimidation in the rural areas and there are ample reports of that. so, some of the same old patterns started to emerge. let's get some of the day's other news. the roman catholic church now says capital punishment is never acceptable, under any circumstances. pope francis had previously spoken out against the use of the death penalty, and the vatican says it will work for abolition across the globe. he says killing a prisoner "deprives the guilty, of the possibility of redemption."
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there are reports that anti—government protests in iran have reached the capital, tehran. videos posted on social media show hundreds of people marching in central areas of the city. the demonstrations are an expression of anger at rising prices, the collapsing currency, as well as water and electricity shortages. it was a united front at the white house earlier as the president's national security team lined up to say they have evidence that russia is trying to interfere in the us‘ election process. mr trump's top officials said he had been taking decisive action to defend the country's election system from interference. that's despite criticism of his recent summit with vladimir putin in helsinki. the director of national intelligence says the threat remains. in regards to russian involvement in the mid—term elections, we continue to see a pervasive messaging campaign by russia to try to weaken and divide the united states. that was a sentiment
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echoed by the director of homeland security, kirsten nielsen, who made clear what's at stake. our democracy itself is in the crosshairs. free and fair elections are the cornerstone of our democracy and it has become clear that they are the target of our adversaries, who seek, as the dni just said, to sow discord and undermine our way of life. our north america correspondent peter bowes has more on the story. this is a very high—powered group of officials. director of national intelligence, director of the fbi and others, all coming together with the stark warning that once again, foreign adversaries, russia in particular, trying to influence voters at the upcoming american elections. that's the mid—term elections in just three months time and of course, the next presidential election in 2020, that there are hackers trying to steal information about candidates and local
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officials, so that they can influence voters once again through social media. it was striking to me, the level of, the high—powered nature of this news conference, that they were all coming together with the same message and quite a blunt warning to americans that look, this is likely to happen again. yeah, so does that create a bit of a gulf in rhetoric between mr trump's advisers and is the trump himself, given what he has been saying over the last year or so? it certainly does. that wasn't lost on anyone, in fact, questions were asked at this news conference again about president trump and president putin and their meeting last month and whether president trump put any pressure at all on the russian president over it this issue. in fact, the question was asked and dan coats, the director of national intelligence said, quite a striking quote, he "wasn't in a position to either understand fully,
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or talk about what happened in helsinki." so it seems to me that still, some weeks later, no one really knows the details of what happened in that meeting. and peter, in a separate but not unrelated story, claims tonight that a russian spy had been working undetected in the embassy in moscow. yes. a united nations special rapporteur has described president trump's attacks on the media as a violation of basic norms on press freedom. david kaye, along with the head of the inter—american commission on human rights, said mr trump's verbal attacks on the media run counter to america's international obligations to respect press freedom and international human rights law. they also warned that they were especially concerned that these attacks by mr trump increase the risk of journalists being targeted by violence. the white house spokeswoman, sarah sanders, said the media had never given the president the credit he was due. the president's
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rightfully frustrated. 90% of the coverage on him is negative despite the fact the economy is booming, isis is on the run and american leadership is being reasserted around the world. stay with us on bbc news, still to come — as europe bakes in another heatwave, could the all—time temperature record be about to be broken? the question was whether we want to save our people, and japanese as well, and win the war and taking a chance to win the war by killing our young men. the invasion began at 2am. mr bush, like most other people, was clearly caught by surprise. we call for the immediate and unconditional withdrawal of all the iraqi forces.
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100 years old and still full of vigor, vitality and enjoyment of life. no other king or queen in british history has lived so long, and the queen mother is said to be quietly very pleased indeed that she's achieved this landmark anniversary. this is a pivotal moment for the church as an international movement. the question now is whether the american vote will lead to a split in the anglican community. this is bbc news, the latest headlines: emmerson mnangagwa has been elected president of zimbabwe, securing more than half of the votes cast. the opposition has rejected the result. russia remains a threat to american democracy — the stark message from president trump's national security team.
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first, they were small protests over pension reforms, now three months on, more than 300 people have been killed, following a wave of anti—government demonstrations across nicaragua. the president of the central american country, daniel 0rtega, is deeply unpopular with the protestors, who want democratic reforms. arturo wallace reports now, from the capital managua. every morning, they wait. wives, mothers, grandmothers, hoping for news. the other side of these gates, nicaragua's most infamous prison, el chipote. a0 years ago, the nicaraguan rebels known as the sandinistas were tortured here. now, under president daniel 0rtega, who helped lead the 1979 sandinista revolution, the cells are filling up again. hundreds are being held. elida's17—year—old son is one of them.
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translation: i am sad, because i know my son needs me. what i want is for them to give me back my son, because he's innocent. that's what i beg for, to have him back. he was one of hundreds of thousands who took to the streets to protest against president 0rtega. what began as a stand against pension reforms snowballed into widespread civil unrest. so far, more than 350 have died, many of them students. remembered on this busy roundabout in nicaragua's capital. alvaro was only 15, he was a child. his death was a catalyst. it led to hundreds of barricades appearing all over the country. a physical symbol of resistance, but also a powerful echo from the past.
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when daniel ortega and his sandinista revolutionaries used the same cobblestones in the same way to overthrow nicaragua's most infamous dictator, anastasio somoza. a0 years later, now as president 0rtega, he sent in his police and paramilitaries. here in managua, there were barricades down every street, now there is mostly rubble and most of the people who were behind them are either injail, in hiding or dead. a protest leader agreed to meet us at a safe house. many people have been tortured or assassinated. there have been many disappearances, many people's bodies have never been found. so what does this mean for the protests? 0rtega is already defeated, that is a fact. he has lost the people, he has not got international support. eventually, he will be forced to negotiate his exit.
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but that is not a feeling shared by president 0rtega or the many thousands who joined him to celebrate revolution day. what the government has done is what any government would have done. killing people? i'm killing people? it's not killing people, it's defending. the government did what they had to do, they cleared the barricades and death occurred. he may say death "just occurred", but president 0rtega's facing rising international condemnation. he has refused to call early elections and says these are not paramilitaries, but volunteer policemen. and yet, despite the crackdown and a rising death toll, the protests continue. the future of nicaraguan is at stake and neither side is willing to give up. arturo wallace, bbc news, managua.
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as europe bakes in another heatwave, forecasters say the all—time temperature record could be broken in the coming days. the current mark — 48 degrees celsius — was set more than forty years ago. but the southern continent — particularly spain and portugal — could see temperatures higher than that. the bbc‘s tim allman reports. the weather forecast can probably summed up injust two the weather forecast can probably summed up in just two words the weather forecast can probably summed up injust two words — very hot. spanish television warning viewers that temperatures were only going one way, up, aided by a surge of scorching air sweeping in from africa. in madrid, there were some
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enjoying this summer, others trying to find what shade they could.|j have a hydration pack so i've been trying to drink 20 of water. i put sunscreen on trying to drink 20 of water. i put sunscreen on in the morning and fine shape can and try to relax but definitely just a shape can and try to relax but definitelyjust a hydrated. shape can and try to relax but definitelyjust a hydratedm shape can and try to relax but definitelyjust a hydrated. it was the same story in portugal. the iberian peninsulas expected to bear the brunt of the heat wave in coming days. the country is on high alert as the mercury rises. translation: it is difficult being outside in this hot weather. translation: it seems we will not have many customers, the tourists want to go to the beach. 48 was measured in athens in 1977. the highest temperature for portugal was 47.4dc in 2003. just a shade above shade's
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peak of 47.3 injuly last year. forecasters predict there is around 40% chance the record will be broken. even if that does not happen, it is still plenty hot enough. apple is now worth $1 trillion — the first us company to do so. the iphone maker's market value reached the figure in late wednesday morning trading in new york, as its shares rose to a new record high above $207. here's our technology correspondent, dave lee. some people are writing of this milestone as being nothing more than a nice round number, but the significance is important. it shows a company that has had blistering growth over the last decade or so since it launched the iphone. they passed the milestone, over $1 trillion, on thursday morning's trading in new york, and the way they did it was by selling iphones at a higher cost.
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last year the company released its more expensive iphone x at $999 or £999 in the uk. it meant the average selling price of the iphone has gone up dramatically, even though the company is selling fewer of the devices overall. also, apple has managed to diversify the kind of products it offers. it's now doing music streaming, cloud services, and aple pay. it's now doing music streaming, cloud services, and apple pay. those services divisions now amount to around $10 billion every single quarter in revenue and that is what's giving investors hope that, even once the smartphone era does moves on, apple still has something else to offer. it might not be plain sailing for the rest of apple's history, up ahead could be an emerging threat from china, where cheaper device makers could eat into their bottom line. and also more broadly, i've been speaking to analysts here and they say apple's nextjob is to simply predict the future. they may have been the king of the smartphone era, with the iphone, but the jury is still out on what the next big
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computing platform may be. whether it's wearable technologies, artificial intelligence or something similar. apple wil need to both figure that out and also try to lead the pack again if it is to continue seeing the kind of valuation it's enjoying today. earlier i spoke with silicon valley based journalist, alison van diggelen. i began by asking how much of the credit goes to tim cook. i think stevejobs has left big shoes for tim cook to fill, and i think today's news shows tim cook is filling them very efficiently, very admirably. he's very good on execution. what is it that he's executing then? i think he's managed to keep the momentum going. the brand loyalty for apple, their building on the fact apple is an iconic american brand and their managing to sell it and keep that prestige, that cachet around the world and get
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that average sales price, which shocked many analysts, of $724, and largely to do with the iphone 10, or some people call it the iphone x, that is the most popular phone in most major chinese cities today despite, as dave pointed out, some much cheaper rivals from china. of course, the iphone is ubiquitous, is there not a point when you reach saturation and the company can't really sell any more, expand into any more markets? yes, affordability is one of the headwinds that apple will face looking at the future. and, as they've mentioned, trump's tariff war and the potential trade war, these are issues apple will be looking at and will have to face like lots of other american companies, there's lots of uncertainty there. now, anyone who has ever bought a lottery ticket has dreamed
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of living the life of a winner. but few of us have lived the nightmare of matching all the numbers and then having your ticket thrown away, before retrieving it to argue your case. that's what happened to a couple in scotland. the bbc‘s lorna gordon has their story — just a warning there are some flashing images. celebrating the win that almost never was, fred and lesley higgins are nearly £60 million richer, even though a shop assistant initially threw their ticket away by mistake. he checked it. he tore the ticket up in half, he put it in the bin and then the machine printed out the little winning slip that you normally get when you win the lottery. but no figures on it, just the contact of the lottery headquarters. the couple kept their ticket in an envelope at home while the claim was investigated, confident the lottery would pay out. and i had written on the envelope in
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red " ' holding his hands up to his mistake, the 18—year—old who'd been behind the counter. he never thought they'd win that much, and is relieved the winnings came through. i didn't find out until last night, so to hear it was £57 million, it was just amazing, and for a local couple, it's even better. i don't even pay £50 or £100, nevermind £58 million! the higgins had dreamed of winning big on the lottery. now they have, new hobbies, homes abroad and rare malt whiskeys are among their plans for the future. lorna gordon, bbc news. all is well that ends well. thank you for your company. you are watching bbc world news. bye for now. hello there.
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0ver recent days we've seen real contrasts developing in the weather, north—west to south—east across the country, and that contrat will continue. this was the scene as the sun set braintree, in essex, this was the scene as the sun set in braintree, in essex, on thursday evening. we have seen more cloud and more wet weather across some northern and western parts of the country but, as we head through the next few days, most of us are looking dry. the heat again will build in the south but there will be a little bit of showery rain through the day on friday, particularly across parts of northern england. we've got a fairly cool flow of air coming in from the north—west, across parts of northern ireland and scotland. meanwhile this warm flow of air from the south is affecting southern parts england and wales too. the dividing line between those two air masses this zone of cloud. on friday, that will bring some sharp outbreaks of rain to parts of north wales, the isle of man, north of england and perhaps into parts of southern scotland as well. also the chance of a few sharp showers breaking out across the east of scotland. should be dry in the west.
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but it's further south, with all that sunshine, that we are going to be seeing the hottest of the weather. the red colours returning to the map and i think top temperatures friday afternoon are likely to reach 31 or 32 degrees down towards the south—east of england. it could hit 33 celsius in one or two places. further north, though, it is a different feel to the weather, with temperatures in the mid—20s. then, as we head through friday evening and overnight into saturday, then mostly it is a gay looking, dry, that showery rain clears off towards the east. quite warm and humid, really where ever you are, i think, moving through in the early hours of saturday morning. for most of us temperatures between around 12—19 degrees. it is high pressure that will take hold of our weather, heading through the weekend, building its way in from the west. so it is looking dry for much of the country. not everywhere, there is the chance of seeing a few showers, and a bit more cloud, across northern and north—western parts of the uk. further south, clearer skies, light winds too, and it is going to feel quite warm and muggy. saturday afternoon, we're likely to see those temperatures across southern parts of england reaching around 29 or 30 degrees. for the north, for scotland
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and northern ireland, typically around about 19 to perhaps 21 celsius. a similar picture through the day on sunday. again lots of dry weather. if you're a fan of the sunshine, more of that on offer. the chance of a bit more rain working into the western isles, perhaps the highlands of scotland as well later in the day. most other places looking dry. top temperatures around 18 degrees in aberdeen to around 29 in london. looking ahead through monday and tuesday, stil mostly dry for most of the country. it's in the south the we'll see temperatures staying at around 30 degrees right through monday and tuesday. bye— bye. this is bbc news, the headlines: emmerson mnangagwa, zimbabwe's incumbent and zanu—pf candidate, has won the presidential election. mr mnangagwa says he'll try to bring a divided nation together. earlier, zimbabwe's main opposition
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party refuted the result in a vote now marred by controversy and violence. president trump's national security team say they have evidence that russia is trying to interfere in the us' election process. mr trump's top official said he had been taking decisive action to defend the country's election system from interference. apple has become the first company to reach $1 trillion us in market value. the iphone maker's market value reached the figure in late wednesday morning trading in new york, as its shares rose to a new record high. it is just it isjust coming up it is just coming up to 3:30 it isjust coming up to 3:30 a.m., and that means it is time for panorama.
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britain is divided. the rich live far longer than the poor. you look and you see somebody‘s age and you think that that's far too young. and you're seeing that all the time? too frequently, much too frequently. and it's getting worse. the life expectancy gap is widening. seeing my kids cry, listening to my children turn round and say my dad is going to die soon. that's horrible. tonight, we meet the families behind the statistics. dad has been a really good dad, hasn't he? yes, he has. he's been helpful. he's been kind. but he isn't gone yet. we show what life is like in the town with the biggest health gap.

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